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Archive for Grudzień 2012

27 listopada  miała miejsce niezwykle interesująca aukcja w londyńskim  DA Christies. Znalazło się na niej wiele, bardzo dobrych miniatur  kontynentalnej Europy  a wśród nich kilkanaście polskich portretów.Tak licznej w polonika aukcji nie pamiętam a fakt , że część z nich pochodziła z kolekcji  księcia Aleksandra Druckiego-Lubeckiego nadała jej wymiar wręcz sensacyjny.Miniatury te  bowiem, pierwotnie wchodziły w skład osobistego zbioru Stanisława Augusta Poniatowskiego.Wystawione na sprzedaż portrety przez ponad  100  lat pozostawały własnością kolekcjonera i jego spadkobierców a ostatnią, publiczną okazją do ich obejrzenia była  warszawska wystawa  zorganizowana przez Towarzystwo opieki nad zabytkami przeszłości w Warszawie w 1912 roku.

O zamiłowaniach kolekcjonerskich króla już wspominałem w moim blogu przytaczając opracowanie pani Anity Chiron – Mrozowskiej  z Muzeum Zamku Królewskiego w Warszawie.To dzięki jej pracy badawczej  nad losami zbioru miniatur  króla, możliwa była  identyfikacja miniatur oferowanych przez Christies. Z opracowaniem autorki możecie się zapoznać odnajdując w linkach bloga, odnośnik – KRÓLA STANISŁAWA AUGUSTA KOLEKCJA MINIATUR a w drugim odnośniku – PAMIĘTNIK Z WYSTAWY znajdziecie  katalog z wystawy roku 1912.

Wśród poloników ,poza miniaturami ze zbioru  Druckiego – Lubeckiego, Christies wystawiło na sprzedaż dwa portrety Stanisława Augusta ; prace Wincentego Lesseura kopiującego  obraz Marcello Baciarellego ” Portret Stanisława Augusta z klepsydrą” oraz miniaturę według obrazu Per Kraffta ” Portret Stanisława Augusta w kirysie”. Poza tymi pracami na aukcji przedstawiono portret Urszuli  Kaczkowskiej, pierwszej żony Wincentego Lesseura z autorstwem przypisanym Fügerowi.

Pojawienie się na rynku takich miniatur zwrócić musiało uwagę polskich muzeów.Zainteresowanie nabyciem prac wyraziło Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie oraz Muzeum Zamku Królewskiego w Warszawie. Większą determinacją i skutecznością wykazał się Zamek Królewski, który po bezpośrednich pertraktacjach doprowadził do wyłączenia z aukcji miniatur wywodzących się ze  zbioru Stanisława Augusta Poniatowskiego i ich zakupu poza licytacją /poz. 224 -229 /. Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie złożyło oferty zakupu portretów ostatniego króla ale niestety poległo w walce licytacyjnej /poz. 222-223 /.

Szkoda.

Poniżej oferta poloników od Chrisies ,do których będę jeszcze wracał.

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Poz.222

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WINCENTY DE LESSEUR-LESSEROWITCZ (POLISH, 1745/46-1813), after MARCELLO BACCIARELLI (ITALIAN, 1731-1818)
Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski (1732-1798), King of Poland 1764-1795, in fur-bordered blue robe, frilled shirt, seated at a desk, his right hand on an hour glass next to a crown, his left on a document inscribed ‘Qua sivit / Coelo /Lucem’ on the desk engraved ‘Stanislaus Augustus Rex Po.. M. Dux Lith. MDCCLXXXXIIII’,
globe, red curtain and sky background signed with initials and dated ‘W. L 1798’ (lower left)
on ivory, 105 x 88 mm , ormolu frame with coronet and cypher surmount, the reverse stamped 36, /20.000/

PROVENANCE:
John Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) Collection, New York;
Christie’s, London, 24 June 1935, lot 488 (as by Wilhelm
Chodowiecki, 36 gns to Frank Partridge).
Christie’s, London, 29 November 1977, lot 102 (£700).
L I T E R A T U R E :
G. C. Williamson, Catalogue of the Collection of Miniatures – The Property of J. Pierpont Morgan, London, 1906, III, pp. 158-159,no. 529, illustrated pl. CLXXVI   (as by Wilhelm Chodowiecki after a portrait by Marcel Bacciarelli, erroneously as from the Collection of Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski, King of Poland, no. 36).
This miniature is taken after the portrait of Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski of 1793 by Marcello Bacciarelli now in the National Museum in Warsaw.
Another version of this miniature by Wincenty de Lesseur-Lesserowicz is in H. Kaminska-Krassowska, Miniatury Wincentego Lesseura I Walerii Tarnowsky
z dawnej kolekcji Tarnowski z Dzikowa w zbiorach Museum Polskiego w Rapperwilu, Warsaw, 1994, p. 41, no. 1, illustrated in colour pl. 1.

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Poz.  223

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CIRCLE OF JOHANNA JULIANA BACCIARELLI, CIRCA 1765/1770

Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski (1732-1798), King of Poland 1764-1795, in a silvered breastplate with blue velvet borders and an ermine-lined gold-embroidered red velvet cloak, wearing the jewel of the Royal Prussian Order of the Black Eagle and the blue moiré sash of the Royal Polish Order of the White Eagle, powdered wig en queue on ivory, 56 mm. diam., silver mount with black enamel bands,/3.000/
PROVENANCE:
Christie’s, Geneva, 15 November 1994, lot 149.

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Miniatury z kolekcji Stanisława Augusta Poniatowskiego .

The following eight lots were recorded in 1912 in the collection of Prince Alexander Drucki-Lubecki (1861-1926), Warsaw, and it has recently come to light that some of them formed part of the collection of Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski (1732-1798), the last King of Poland. One of Catherine the Great’s lovers, Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski was elected ruler of Poland in 1764 with the support of the Empress, who had a political interest in the election and a desire to keep Poland within her control. During his reign, the king formed an art collection which included approximately 300 miniatures which are known through inventories compiled between 1783 and 1795. In 1795 the king was forced to abdicate by Catherine the Great and was summoned to Russia where he died a few years later. The miniatures, and the rest of his art collection, remained in Poland and entered the possession of the king’s nephew, Prince Jósef Poniatowski. On his death in 1813, the collection was inherited by his sister, Maria Teresa Tyszkiewicz, who sold almost the entire group to one Antonio Fusi on 27 October 1821. The miniatures were dispersed and some entered the collection of Prince Alexander Drucki-Lubecki in the 19th century when they were presumably mounted in their distinctive black frames with gilt spandrels.
We are indebted to Anita Chiron-Mrozowska, Curator of the Royal Castle, Warsaw, for her assistance in the recent discovery that some of the following miniatures were part of the Polish Royal Collection during the 18th century.

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Poz. 224

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POLISH SCHOOL, 18TH CENTURY -Two miniatures:

Prince Casimir Poniatowski (1721-1800), in the uniform of Commander of the Royal Horse Guards, silverbordered red tunic, wearing the blue sash of the Polish Order of the White Eagle, his breast-plate decorated with a star centred with the monogram SA for Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski; on ivory , 57 mm.;
Teresa Poniatowska, née Kinska (1740-1806), with pearls in her powdered upswept hair, pearl necklace on ivory , 27 mm./4000-6000/

PROVENANCE:
Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski (1732-1798), King of Poland 1764-1795.
His nephew, Prince Jósef Poniatowski (1763-1813).
On his death in 1813, his sister Maria Teresa Tyszkiewicz (1761-1831). Sold on 27 October 1821 to Antonio Fusi.
Prince Alexander Drucki-Lubecki (1861-1926) Collection, Warsaw.
E X H I B I T E D :
Warsaw – Pamiętnik Wystawy Miniatur oraz Tkanin I Haftów , 1912, nos. 296 and 305, illustrated pl. XVIII and XVII, respectively.

Casimir Poniatowski was the older brother of Stanislas II Poniatowski, King of Poland. He was Great Podkomorzy of the Crown and General of
the Crown Army. He was made a Prince by his brother in 1764. A variant of the present miniature is in the Tansey Collection,
Teresa Poniatowska was a sister-in-law of King Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski and Prince Casimir Poniatowski as the wife of their brother
Prince Andrzej Poniatowski, an officer in the Austrian army. She was of Czech origin.

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Poz. 225

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POLISH SCHOOL, 18TH CENTURY
Stanislas I Leszczynski (1677-1766) King of Poland 1704-1709 and 1733-1736, in gilt-studded armour, wearing the blue moiré sash of the Polish Order of the White Eagle, ermine-bordered red cloak with the badge of the Saint Esprit, dark hair and moustache
on ivory ,76 mm.,  high, gilt-metal mount within rectangular ebonised wood frame with gilt spandrels./1000-1500/

PROVENANCE:
Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski (1732-1798), King of Poland 1764-1795.
His nephew, Prince Jósef Poniatowski (1763-1813).
On his death in 1813, his sister Maria Teresa Tyszkiewicz (1761-1831). Sold on 27 October 1821 to Antonio Fusi.
Prince Alexander Drucki-Lubecki (1861-1926) Collection, Warsaw.
E X H I B I T E D :
Warsaw –  Pamiętnik Wystawy Miniatur oraz Tkanin i Haftów , 1912, no. 950?.

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poz. 226

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Katarzyna Tomatis, née Gattaich or Cattaich (1745-1785)

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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

CONTINENTAL SCHOOL, 18TH CENTURY – Three miniatures:

Katarzyna Tomatis, née Gattaich or Cattaich (1745-1785), in blue dress with white frilled collar, blue ribbon in her powdered upswept hair, together with a young lady, in blue dress with white frills, blue ribbons in her powdered upswept hair and below chin, frilled white shawl; together with a young lady, in décolleté black dress bordered with pearls, pearl choker and pearls, black ribbon and white plumes in her powdered upswept hair
on ivory, the third with later added card section , ovals,  45 mm. ;  69 mm.;  45 mm./1200-1800/
PROVENANCE:
The portrait of Katarzyna Tomatis:
Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski (1732-1798), King of Poland 1764-1795.
His nephew, Prince Jósef Poniatowski (1763-1813).
On his death in 1813, his sister Maria Teresa Tyszkiewicz (1761-1831). Sold on 27 October 1821 to Antonio Fusi.
Prince Alexander Drucki-Lubecki (1861-1926) Collection, Warsaw.
The portraits of two unknown ladies:
Prince Alexander Drucki-Lubecki (1861-1926) Collection, Warsaw.
E X H I B I T E D :
Warsaw – Pamiętnik Wystawy Miniatur oraz Tkanin i Haftów ,  1912, nos. 959?, 958? and 956.

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Poz. 227

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HENRY EDRIDGE (ENGLISH, 1768-1821)

Lady Payne, née Kelbel, in white dress with white fichu, her powdered curling hair partially upswept signed with monogram ‘HE’ (lower right)
on ivory ,oval, 62 mm. high, gilt-metal mount within rectangular ebonised wood frame with gilt spandrels./2000-3000/

PROVENANCE:
Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski (1732-1798), King of Poland 1764-1795.
His nephew, Prince Jósef Poniatowski (1763-1813).
On his death in 1813, his sister Maria Teresa Tyszkiewicz (1761-1831).Sold on 27 October 1821 to Antonio Fusi.
Prince Alexander Drucki-Lubecki (1861-1926) Collection, Warsaw.
E X H I B I T E D :
Warsaw – Pamiętnik Wystawy Miniatur oraz Tkanin i Haftów , 1912, no. 966, illustrated pl. XXXV.
Lady Payne is described as an English correspondent of Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski, King of Poland.
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Poz. 228

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CONTINENTAL SCHOOL, 18TH CENTURY
Madame de Besenval, née Katarzyna Bielinska (1684-1761), in white dress with large gold-lined blue coat, a veil covering her loose curling hair, gold and pearl brooch ,on ivory, 58 mm. diam., gilt-metal mount within rectangular ebonised wood frame with gilt spandrels./1000-1500/

PROVENANCE:
Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski (1732-1798), King of Poland 1764-1795.
His nephew, Prince Jósef Poniatowski (1763-1813).
On his death in 1813, his sister Maria Teresa Tyszkiewicz (1761-1831). Sold on 27 October 1821 to Antonio Fusi.
Prince Alexander Drucki-Lubecki (1861-1926) Collection, Warsaw.
E X H I B I T E D :
Warsaw – Pamiętnik Wystawy Miniatur oraz Tkanin i Haftow ,1912, no. 961, illustrated pl. XXXIV.
Katarzyna Bielinska was the cousin of Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski, King of Poland. She married first Jakub Potocki (d. 1716) and later Jean Victor II de Besenval, Baron de Brünstatt. Their daughter Elisabeth Catherine married Marquis de Broglie, and their son was the famous Pierre Joseph Victor Baron de Besenval, friend of Queen Marie-Antoinette.
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Poz. 229

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

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POLISH SCHOOL, 18TH CENTURY – Two miniatures:

Teodor Skumin Tyszkiewicz (1586-1590), in black coat with red collar, silver epaulettes, wearing the blue moiré sash and breast-star of an order, his powdered hair worn en queue; on ivory, ovals, 51 mm
with

Princess Eleonora Czartoryska, née Countess Waldstein (1712 – c.1796), in black dress with white scarf tied around her head  (Isaak Jakob Clauze, German, b. 1723)
on ivory, ovals, 44 mm., repectively, gilt-metal mounts within rectangular ebonised wood frames with gilt spandrels (2)/1500-2500/

PROVENANCE:
The portrait of Teodor Skumin Tyszkiewicz:
Prince Alexander Drucki Lubecki (1861-1926) Collection, Warsaw.
The portrait of Princess Czartoryska:
Stanislas II Augustus Poniatowski (1732-1798), King of Poland 1764-1795.
His nephew, Prince Jósef Poniatowski (1763-1813).
On his death in 1813, his sister Maria Teresa Tyszkiewicz (1761-1831). Sold on 27 October 1821 to Antonio Fusi.
Prince Alexander Drucki Lubecki (1861-1926) Collection, Warsaw.
E X H I B I T E D :
Warsaw – Pamiętnik Wystawy Miniatur 0raz Tkanin i Haftow ), 1912, nos. 964 and 306, respectively.

Teodor Skumin Tyskzkiewicz was the Grand Treasurer of Lithania under the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Princess Eleonora Czartoryska was the wife of Prince Michael Czartoryski (1696-1775), Deputy Chancellor of Lithunia.

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Miniatury ze zbioru księcia Aleksandra Druckiego – Lubeckiego  lecz nie z kolekcji królewskiej.

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Poz. 202

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RUSSIAN SCHOOL, 18TH CENTURY AFTER GIOVANNI BATTISTA LAMPI (ITALIAN, 1751-1830)
Baron Charles Yakowlewitch Bühler (1749-1811), in blue coat, frilled white cravat, wearing the breast-star and ribbon of the Imperial Russian Order of St Vladimir, powdered hair worn en queue on ivory ,66 mm  diam., gilt-metal mount within rectangular ebonised wood frame with gilt spandrels. 11875GBP.

PROVENANCE:
Prince Alexander Drucki-Lubecki (1861-1926) Collection, Warsaw.
E X H I B I T E D :
Warsaw – Pamiętnik Wystawy Miniatur oraz Tkanin i Haftów, 1912, no. 962, illustrated pl. XXXIV.
The present miniature is after a now lost portrait painted by Lampi in Vienna in 1789 (illustrated in the exhibition catalogue Un ritrattista nell’Europa delle corti. Giovanni Battista Lampi 1751-1830, Castello del Buonconsiglio, 2001, p. 66 fig. 56). The enamellist Dachtler copied this portrait twice, one version is in the Musée d’art et d’histoire, Geneva, and one is in the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore.

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Poz. 231

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JOSEF KREUTZINGER (GERMAN, 1757-1829)
A young lady, in blue dress with white fichu, red shawl tied around waist, white bandeau in her curling hair; landscape background circular ,88 mm., gilt-metal frame mounted in square ebonised wood frame

PROVENANCE:
Prince Alexander Drucki-Lubecki (1861-1926) Collection, Warsaw.
E X H I B I T E D :
Warsaw – Pamiętnik Wystawy Miniatur oraz Tkanin i  Haftów , 1912, no. 967?.

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Poz. 230

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OREST ISSAAKOWITCH TIMASCHEWSKJI 1822-1867), AFTER GILBERT STUART (AMERICAN, 1755-1828)
George Washington, in black coat and waistcoat, white stock and frilled white cravat, powdered hair worn en queue signed in Russian cyrillic ‘O. Timaschewskji’ (lower right), n ivory , octagonal, 60 x 48 mm. , gilt-metal mount within rectangular ebonised frame

PROVENANCE:
Prince Alexander Drucki-Lubecki (1861-1926) Collection, Warsaw.
E X H I B I T E D :
Warsaw – Pamiętnik Wystawy Miniatur oraz Tkanin i Haftow , 1912, no. 963.
L I T E R A T U R E :
L. R. Schidlof, The Miniature in Europe, Graz, 1964, II, p. 821.
Orest Issaakowitch Timaschewskji was a pupil at the Academy of St Petersburg between 1848 and 1850.

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oraz

Poz. 242

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HEINRICH FRIEDRICH FÜGER (AUSTRO-GERMAN, 1751-1818)
Ursula Kaczkowska, in white dress with lilac sash, pale blue shawl draped around her shoulders, white ribbon in her long powdered curling hair; leaning on a stone plinth with a bouquet of white and red roses, her right hand raised to her chin, the side of the plinth carved with a classical figure; landscape and trellis background
on card oval, 177 mm. high, gilt-metal mount within rectangular gilt-metal frame with brown velvet slip

PROVENANCE:
Simon Ritter von Metaxa Collection, Vienna.
Paul A. Scholz Collection, Berlin; Lempertz, Cologne, 24 November 1976, lot 40.
E X H I B I T E D :
Reichenberg (Liberec), Nordböhmisches Gewerbemuseum,
Miniatur-Porträt-Ausstellung, 1903 (as Countess Clam, lent by Simon Ritter von Metaxa, Vienna). Vienna, Palais des k. k. Ministerrats-Präsidiums, Miniaturen-Austellung, 1905, no. 2115 (as Countess Clam, painted on vellum, by Füger, lent by Simon Ritter von Metaxa).
L I T E R A T U R E :
G. E. Pazaurek, Nordbhmisches Gewerbemuseum. Miniatur-Porträte, Reichenberg, 1903, p. 19, as ‘Füger (?)’.
F. Laban, Heinrich Friedrich Füger, der Porträtminiaturist, Berlin, 1905, pp. 55-56, no. 56 (as on ivory), illustrated pl. XIII, fig. 1.

The sitter in the present miniature, whose traditional identification has been that of Countess Clam, has recently been identified as Ursula Kaczkowska, first wife of Polish artist Wincenty de Lesseur-Lesserowitcz . The sitter was an actress in the Krakow ballet.

03 01.2013. Zamek Królewski zapłacił łącznie za 10 miniatur  115604 zł .

 

Reklamy

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Wesołych Świąt !

Wszystkim moim czytelnikom chciałbym złożyć życzenia:

Świąt Bożego Narodzenia   wypełnionych radością i miłością, niosących spokój i odpoczynek.

Nowego Roku spełniającego wszystkie marzenia,pełnego optymizmu ,szczęścia i powodzenia.

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wesolych_swiat_2012

        Merry Christmas and a happy New Year

         Joyeux Noël et bonne année

         Buon Natale e felice anno nuovo

         Feliz Navidad y próspero año nuevo

         Веселого Рождества и счастливого Нового года

         Frohe Weihnachten und ein glückliches neues Jahr

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          ………………………………………………………………………..   … Marek Klimek

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